MS Mod 4 pps mcq type 1 and type 2 errors practice exam questions


MS Mod 4 pps mcq type 1 and type 2 errors practice exam questions

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MS Module 4 pps mcq type 1 and type 2 errors practice exam questions

(The attached PDF file has better formatting.)

A population has a normal distribution with a mean μ0 of 60 and a standard deviation of 7.3

One group from this population has been treated to reduce its mean; we assume it is still normally distributed with the same standard deviation. A sample of size 22 from this treated group has a sample mean of and a true mean of μʹ.

●    The null hypothesis is H0: μʹ = μ0.
●    The one-sided alternative hypothesis is Ha: μʹ < μ0.

We reject the null hypothesis if ≤ 58.8


Question 1.2: Standard deviation of sample mean

What is the standard deviation of the sample mean?

Answer 1.2: 7.3 / 220.5 = 1.556

(standard deviation of the sample mean = standard deviation / (number of observations in sample)0.5 )


Question 1.3: z statistic

What is the z statistic value to test the null hypothesis?

Answer 1.3: (58.8 – 60) / 1.556 = -0.771

(the z statistic value to test the null hypothesis = (sample mean – mean assumed in null hypothesis (μ0) ) / standard deviation of the sample mean)


Question 1.4: Probability of Type I error

What is the probability of a Type I error for this one-sided (lower-tailed) test?

Answer 1.4: Φ(–0.771) = 0.2203

Interpolating in the statistical tables:

Φ(0.77) = 0.7794
Φ(0.78) = 0.7823
Φ(–0.771) = 1 – ( (0.771 – 0.77) × 0.7823 + (0.78 – 0.771) × 0.7794) / (0.78 – 0.77) = 0.2203


Question 1.5: Probability of Type II error

If the true mean of the sample μʹ is 59.3 , what is the probability of a Type II error for this test?

Answer 1.5: (59.3 – 58.8) / 1.556 = 0.3213, so Φ(59.3 – 58.8) / 1.556 = Φ(0.3213) = 0.6260

Interpolating in the statistical tables:

Φ(0.32) = 0.6255
Φ(0.33) = 0.6293

Φ(0.3213) = ( (0.3213 – 0.32) × 0.6293 + (0.33 – 0.3213) × 0.6255) / (0.33 – 0.32) = 0.6260



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